Uninterruptible Power Supplies Defined

An uninterruptible power supply (also known as an uninterruptible power source or UPS) is an electrical power supply apparatus designed to maintain a supply load when the primary power source (including but not limited to mains power) fails. In contrast to a standby generator or emergency power system, a UPS is designed to take over nearly instantaneously in the event of power interruption. The energy delivered by an operating UPS is stored in batteries, flywheels, or supercapacitors. Most uninterruptible power sources have a short run-time, typically measured in minutes. This period is provided so that a slower-starting standby power source can be activated or so that the equipment protected by the UPS can be shut down safely. A UPS is a form of a continuous power system.

Uninterruptible power supplies are most often used to protect electronic hardware, e.g. computers, telecommunications equipment, and data centres. UPS units are essential in any application where power disruptions could cause serious business disruptions, data loss, injuries, or fatalities. UPS units vary in size depending on the amount of equipment they are designed to protect. They range from single-computer models rated for roughly 200 volt-amperes to massive units designed to protect whole buildings or data centres. Every UPS is designed expressly to provide short-term power in the event of a failure in the primary power input.

Technology

Modern UPS systems fall into three main categories: on-line, line-interactive, and standby. A UPS designed with online technology is one that takes AC input, rectifies it to DC to charge batteries or battery strings, and then inverts power back to 120/230V AC for the use of the equipment it protects. This process is also called the “double conversion” method. In a line-interactive UPS, the inverter remains in line. The DC current path through the batteries is redirected out of charging mode into supplying power when input power is lost. In a standby system, also known as an “off-line” UPS, input power is passed directly through the system and the backup circuit engages only when the primary power input fails. Smaller UPS units (under 1kVA) typically use the standby or line-interactive designs because they are cheaper.

In some larger units, a UPS takes the form of a Dynamic Uninterruptible Power Supply or DUPS. In this system, an alternator/synchronous motor is linked via choke to the mains supply. This stores energy with a flywheel. Thanks to an eddy-current regulation, the system steps in to maintain power whenever mains power is interrupted. A DUPS unit can deliver power as long as energy remains in the flywheel. Many installations combine a DUPS with a diesel generator which begins supplying power to make up for the lost mains input. This combination is called a diesel rotary uninterruptible power supply, or DRUPS.

The latest technological advance to appear in recent years is the fuel cell UPS. This uses a hydrogen fuel cell as an alternative power source. A fuel cell UPS has the potential to deliver longer run times from a very compact unit.

Key Terms

N+1

In any large organization with high-reliability standards, a UPS can be considered a single point of failure with the potential for widespread system disruption. Reliability can be improved by integrating smaller UPS modules together to supply the same protection as a single larger unit. The “N+1” design principle states that such an integrated system should contain one more module than is strictly necessary to supply the necessary load. This way the system can function as intended even if one module fails completely.

Multiple Redundancy

Redundant power supplies are employed in many data centres and computer installations. The intent is to have an alternate power supply ready for use if one fails. For a system to be considered properly redundant, each power supply must be capable of fully meeting the system’s power needs on its own.

Many redundant systems are further protected by incorporating a dedicated UPS for each power supply. This reduces the likelihood of operational failure by protecting the system against both power supply and UPS failures.

Outdoor Operations

UPS units installed in an outdoors environment need additional design features to stand up to adverse weather. Manufacturers need to consider a full range of climate issues, including temperature, rain, snow, humidity, and more.

Outdoor UPS units fall into three main categories, depending on their mounting: pole, ground/pedestal, or host-mounted. Depending on its location, an outdoor UPS system may need special features to deal with extreme cold or extreme heat. In the former case, a UPS unit may need a battery heater mat; in the latter, it may need active ventilation or air conditioning.

What Is an Uninterruptible Power Supply?

UPS, which stands for Uninterruptible Power Source or Uninterruptible Power Supply, is a type of electrical apparatus which provides emergency power to a specific load when mains power or input-power source fails. UPS is different from an emergency or auxiliary power systems or the standby generators in the way that it provides close to instant protection from an input power interruption, in the way of supplying the energy that is stored in flywheels, supercapacitors, or batteries. On-battery run-time for most of the uninterruptible power sources is usually just a few minutes; enough to start the standby-power source or to properly shut-down protected equipment. It is a form of continual power-system.

A UPS is used typically to protect the hardware in data centres, computers, telecommunication equipment and any other type of electrical equipment such as electric barrel pumps where a disruption of power that is unexpected could result in fatalities, injuries, data loss or serious business disruptions. UPS units vary in size. This includes units that are designed for protecting single computers without video monitors with about a 200-volt-ampere rating onto large units that can power an entire building or data centre. The key role for any UPS is to offer short power when the input power source has failed.

UPS Classification

The main categories for modern UPS systems are standby, line-interactive and online. The on-line UPS uses a method of “double conversion” for accepting AC input, that rectifies to DC for passing through battery strings or a rechargeable battery, before inverting back into 120V/230 VAC to power protected equipment. The line-interactive UPS maintains an inverter in-line and then redirects the DC current path of the battery from normal charging mode to a supplying current as soon as power has been lost, In the standby system which also stands for off-line, the load will be directly powered by input power and backup-power circuitry will only be invoked when utility power has failed. Many of the UPS below 1kVA are the standby or line-interactive varieties which are typically less expensive.

For the larger power units, DUPS (Dynamic Uninterruptible Power Supplies) are in some cases used. A synchronous alternator/motor connects to the main through a choke. Energy will be stored in the flywheel. When the main power has failed, the eddy-current regulation will maintain power on this load provided the energy in the flywheel isn’t exhausted. DUPS are in some cases integrated or combined with diesel generators which is turned on after a slight delay, which forms a DRUPS (Diesel Rotary Uninterruptible Power Supply).

The fuel cell UPS was developed over the last few years with the use of a fuel cell and hydrogen as the power source, which provides a long runtime in smaller spaces.

What Makes a UPS Useful?

N+1

In the larger business-environment where reliability is crucial, a single big UPS can also become the point of single failure that may disrupt many of the other systems. To offer an increased reliability, a number of smaller UPS batteries and modules can be linked together to offer redundant power-protection that is equal to one large UPS. N+1 will mean that when the load is supplied by N modules, an installation contains N+1 module. This will mean that when one module fails it will not have an impact on the system operation.

Multiple Redundancy

Many of the computer servers provide the choice of a redundant power supply, which means when one power supply fails, one or sometimes more of the other power-supplies will be able to provide the necessary power for a load. This is an essential point, and each of power supplies needs to have the ability to power an entire server on its own.

Redundant protection is extended further when connecting each of the power supplies to its very own UPS. This offers double-protection when it comes UPS failure or power-supply failure, which means continuous operation is always assured.

Useable Outdoors

When using a UPS system outdoors, it needs to come with certain features which guarantee that it can stand up to outdoor weather, without affecting its performance. Aspects like humidity, temperature, snow and rain, among others, need to be taken into account by manufacturers when they design the outdoor UPS systems.

The outdoor UPS systems are either host mounted, ground (pedestal) or pole. Outdoor environments can mean cold weather, whereby an outdoor UPS system needs to feature a battery heater-mat. When it comes to extreme heat the outdoor UPS system needs to feature an air-conditioning or fan system.

Hotel and Guest House Fire Door Safety

What are You Responsible For?

Under the Regulatory Reform – Fire Safety – Order (FSO) 2005, owners of Guest Houses and Hotels are responsible for the safety of their guests. Under the Fire Safety Order, these facilities should have a fire risk assessment and a designated responsible person who is liable for prosecution in case they fail to meet their duties. The FSO provides a specific reference to the state of fire doors, which lies within the scope of the responsibility mentioned above.

Regular prosecution cases, establishment owners who fail to comprehend their responsibilities, fatalities and injuries that are directly associated with improper fire door management continue to be witnessed even though the law has been in place for several years. Mixed-use structures, where residents and business establishments are under the same roof, such as residential flats located on top of a restaurant, are one of the specific areas of concern.

Why Do You Need Fire Doors?

Fire doors are designed to compartmentalise fires in case of a breakout. This helps give people more time to evacuate, while also making it easier to combat the fire, by trapping both the smoke and fire for a longer period. If the fire door is propped open or damaged, it will not achieve the above mentioned function.

Signs of a Fire Door

Smoke or intumescent seals lining the door frame or edge of the door and the presence of “Keep Closed” or “Fire Door” signs are some of the main signs of a fire door.

To keep smoke and flames from spreading across common areas in blocks of flats, a fire door should be installed as the external door to each flat. The placement of fire doors in other areas is dependent on structure’s fire plan and risk assessment, depending on the size of apartments and their distance from the entrance door of the flat, internal doors might as well be fire doors. The Building Regulation’s Approved Document B Volumes 1 – designed for houses – and 2 Part B – designed for flats – covers this subject in detail.

Fire rating is used for all fire doors. Some of the ratings used include FD30, FD60 and higher – this means that the doors offer 30 minutes, 60 minutes of protection or higher respectively. When the door in question is a fire door, a certification mark, in the form of a label or plug, can be found at the upper part of the door.

Inspecting and Servicing Fire Doors

As a rule of thumb, fire doors need to be inspected on a regular basis; frequently used doors should be inspected more regularly. Legally responsible parties should have fire doors inspected by professionals even though anyone can identify a damaged door.

It is recommended that you always use an FDIS Certified Inspector such as TPT Fire when looking for professional advice on how to meet your obligations under the FSO. In addition to checking all the doors in the structure, you should put together a maintenance checklist and timetable. Damaged fire door components should only be replaced with the exact parts, in line with the provisions of the fire certificate. This maintenance work should be carried out by a qualified professional.

What Guests Should Do

  • Always be ready to act.
  • Check to see whether fire doors actually work.
  • Remember to keep fire doors closed at night, in particular, and never prop them open.
  • Make sure that you report any problematic fire doors to the landlord immediately.
  • Suggest that they follow this website’s advice.
  • Be sure to inspect the fire doors and report any issues.
  • Consider sending images or video of problematic fire doors to Theodore Firedoor’s page on Facebook, or write a review on TripAdvisor if you think that your concerns are falling on deaf ears or no action is being taken to address them.

What Hotel Managers and/or Owners Should Do

  • Make sure that fire doors are in safe working condition.
  • Make sure that the Fire Risk Assessment, if conducted, is handled by a qualified professional, and that it covers the fire doors.
  • Identify and include the fire doors in your regular fire safety check.
  • Call in a professional to conduct a survey if in doubt.
  • If you are planning on having the entry door locks replaced, make sure that they are designed to fit the doors and are fitted by a qualified professional.
  • Avoid cutting any gaps into the door, e.g. a gap at the bottom allowing you to slip newspapers through, as they are bound to make it easier for fires to spread.

Uninterruptible Power Supply Guide

An uninterruptible power source (UPS for short) or uninterruptible power supply is a type of electrical apparatus that provides a load with emergency power whenever the mains power or input power source fails. It is in contrast to a standby generator or emergency or auxiliary power system, in that it provides nearly instantaneous protection against input power interruption, through supplying energy that is stored in flywheels, supercapacitors, or batteries. A majority of uninterruptible power sources have fairly short (just a couple of minutes) of on-battery run-time. However, it is enough to get a standby power source started or to shut down protected equipment properly. It is a kind of continuous power system.

Typically a UPS is used for protecting hardware like telecommunication equipment, data centres, computers, and other types of electrical equipment where unexpected power disruptions can potentially cause data loss, serious business disruption, fatalities, or injuries. UPS units vary in size from units that are designed for protecting one computer with no video monitor (approximately 200 volt-ampere rating) up to large units that power entire buildings or data centres. The main role that any UPS plays is providing short-term power whenever the input power source has failed. The Riello UPS battery replacement is one of the popular choices of UPS.

Technology Behind UPS Systems

Modern UPS systems fall into three general categories, which are standby, line-interactive, and online. A “double conversion” method is used by an on-line UPS for accepting AC input, which rectifies to DC to pass through a rechargeable battery (or through battery strings), and then inverts back to 120V/230V AC to power protected equipment. The inverted is maintained in line by a line-interactive UPS and it then redirects the DC current path of the battery from the regular charging mode to supply current whenever power is lost. With an “off-line” or standby system the load is directly powered by the input power. Any backup power circuitry is invoked only when there is a failure of the utility power. A majority of 1 kVA are either standby or line-interactive and less expensive usually.

Dynamic Uninterruptible Power Supplies (DUPS) sometimes are used with large power units. A synchronous alternator/motor is connected via a choke on the main. Energy gets store inside of a flywheel. When there is a failure of the power mains, power on a load is maintained by an eddy-current as long as the energy of the flywheel is not exhausted. Sometimes DUPS are integrated or combined with a diesel generator which following a brief delay is turned on, to form a DRUPS (diesel rotary uninterruptible power supply (DRUPS).

In recent years a fuel cell UPS was developed that uses a fuel cell and hydrogen as a power source, to potentially provide long run times with small spaces.

Uses of UPS Systems

N+1

In a larger business environment where it is of great importance to have reliability, one large UPS also can be a single failure point that may disrupt numerous other systems. In order to provide greater reliability, numerous smaller UPS batteries and modules may be integrated together in order to furnish redundant power protection which is the equivalent of a single large UPS. “N+1” refers to when N modules can supply the load, that there will be N+1 modules contained in the installation. In that way, if one module fails, it won’t impact the operation of the system.

Multiple Redundancy

Numerous computer services provide a redundant power supply option, so in case one power supply fails, there are one or multiple power supplies that can power the load. That is a critical point – with each supply being able to power the whole server on its own.

Redundant protection may be extended even further by connecting each of the power supplies to its own UPS. That provides double protection from a UPS failure as well as a power supply failure, to ensure continued operation.

Outdoor Usage

Whenever a UPS system is installed outdoors, there are some specific features that it should have in order to guarantee that it will be able to tolerate weather without performance being affected. The manufacturer needs to consider factors like snow, rain, humidity, temperature and others when an outdoor UPS system is being designed.

Outdoor UPS systems may either be host mounted, ground (pedestal), or pole. Some outdoor environments may involve extreme cold, which in those situations the outdoor UPS system needs to have a battery heater mat included, or in extreme heat, the outdoor UPS system should have an air conditioning system or fan system.

What’s an Uninterruptible Power Supply?

An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) is an electrical apparatus used to provide emergency power to a load in case of failure of the mains power or input power source. A UPS differs from an emergency or auxiliary power system or standby generator since it offers almost-instantaneous protection from interruptions of input power, by supplying energy stored in flywheels, supercapacitors, or batteries. UPS systems typically have a relatively short (just a few minutes) on-battery run-time, but this is usually sufficient to properly shut down the protected equipment or start a standby power source.

A UPS is typically used for protecting hardware such as telecommunication equipment, data centres, computers, or other types of electrical equipment where an unexpected disruption in power could lead to fatalities, injuries, data loss, or serious business disruption. UPS systems typically range in size from devices designed to offer protection to just one computer without a video monitor (about 200 VA rating) to large units that power entire buildings or data centres. Getting hold of UPS is fairly simple from online shops like the UPS Battery Shop. The key role of a UPS is providing short-term power in case of failure of the input power source.

Technologies

Modern UPS systems are of 3 general categories i.e. standby, line-interactive, and online. On-line UPS systems use a “double conversion” method of accepting AC input, rectifying to DC to pass through the rechargeable battery, then inverting back to 120V/230V to power the equipment that’s being protected. Line-interactive UPS systems maintain the inverter in line and redirect the DC current path of the battery from the normal charging mode to providing current in case the power is lost. In standby UPS systems, the load is powered directly by the input power and the backup power circuitry is used only in case of failure of the utility power. UPS systems below 1kVA are of the standby or line-interactive variety, which tend to be cheaper.

Dynamic Uninterruptible Power Supplies (DUPS) are used sometimes for large power units. A synchronous alternator/motor is connected on the mains through a choke. A flywheel is used to store energy. In case of failure of the main power, an eddy-current regulation helps maintain the power on the load as long as the energy of the flywheel has not been exhausted. DUPS are sometimes integrated or combined with diesel generators that are turned on after a brief delay this forming diesel rotary uninterruptible power supply (DRUPS).

In recent years, a fuel cell has been developed using hydrogen and a fuel cell as a source of power, potentially offering long run times in a small space.

Applications

N+1

A single massive UPS can be a point of failure with the potential to disrupt numerous other systems in large business environments where reliability is very important. To offer more reliability, multiple smaller UPS batteries and modules can be integrated together to offer redundant power protection that’s equivalent to a single massive UPS. “N+1” means that if N modules can supply the load, the installation will contain N+1 modules. In that way, if one module fails, the system’s operation won’t be affected.

Multiple Redundancies

Computer servers usually offer the option of redundant power supplies such that one or more other power supplies can power the load in case one power supply fails. This is one critical point – each power supply should have the ability to power the whole server by itself.

Connecting each power supply to its own UPS is another way to extend redundant protection further. This provides double protection in case of a failure of the UPS and power supply to ensure that operations are never interrupted.

Outdoor Use

If a UPS system is placed outdoors, it needs to have some specific features guaranteeing that it can tolerate all kinds of weather without any effects on performance. Manufacturers should consider factors such as rain, humidity, temperature, and snow among others when designing an outdoor UPS system.

Outdoor UPS systems can be ground, pole or host mounted. Outdoor environments could mean extremely low temperatures, in which case the outdoor UPS system needs to include a battery heater mat, or extremely high temperatures, in which the outdoor UPS system needs to include an air conditioning or fan system.

The Uninterruptible Power Supply Explained

A UPS (uninterruptible power source) or uninterruptible power supply is an electrical device that makes emergency power available to loads when the main power or power source fails. The device differs from emergency or auxiliary power systems or standby generators in that it provides near-instantaneous protection from power interruptions by supplying the energy it has stored in its flywheels, super-capacitors, or batteries. The on-battery runtime of most UPS systems is relatively short, lasting only a few minutes, but is sufficient enough to power down protected equipment or start up a standby power source. It is a form of continuous power supply system.

UPS systems are generally used to protect hardware like telecommunication equipment, data centres, computers and other electrical equipment that could experience fatalities, injuries, data loss or serious disruption in the event an unexpected power disruption occurs. Uninterrupted power supply units range in size – there are smaller units that are designed to protect one computer without a monitor with a volt-ampere rating of 200 and larger ones that are designed to power entire buildings or data centres. The primary role of a UPS system is to offer short-term power in the event input power fails.

Variety of UPS Systems

Modern UPS systems are available in three categories – standby, line-interactive, and online. An online UPS uses a method known as “double conversion” which accepts AC input, correcting it to DC, which is passed through rechargeable batteries or battery strings. It is then inverted back to 120V or 230V AC, which is safe for powering up the protected equipment. Line-interactive UPS systems maintain the inverter in line and redirect the path of the battery’s DC current from the standard charging mode to supplying a current when normal power is interrupted. In standby or offline systems, the load is directly powered by input power. Backup power circuitry will only be invoked when utility power fails. Most uninterrupted power supply systems below 1kVA are of the standby or line-interactive variety and are generally inexpensive compared to the other options.

DUPS or Dynamic Uninterruptible Power Supplies are sometimes used for larger power units. An asynchronous alternator/motor is connected to the mains by means of a choke. Energy is stored in the system’s flywheel. When mains power fails or is interrupted, an eddy-current regulator maintains the load power for as long as the flywheel has stored energy. DUPS systems are sometimes integrated or combined with diesel generators that are turned on after a short time, creating a diesel rotary UPS or DRUPS.

A fuel cell UPS system was designed not so long ago. The system uses a fuel cell and hydrogen as a power source, which means it could provide long run times over a small space.

Applications

N+1 Approach to UPS Systems

For large businesses where reliability is important, a single large UPS can become the single point of failure by disrupting many more systems. To provide reliability, several smaller UPS batteries and modules can be used in collaboration to provide a redundant power protection that is equivalent to a single large uninterrupted power supply. The “N+1” approach dictates that if the load can be supplied using N modules, the system will contain several N+1 modules. This way, should one module fail, it won’t have a major impact on system operation.

Redundant Protection of Servers

Most computer servers come with redundant power supplies, so should there be a single power supply failure, one or more of the extra power supplies will still power the load. It is, therefore, vital that each power supply is able to power an entire server on its own.

It is worth noting that redundant protection may be extended even further by connecting each supply to its own uninterruptible power supply. Doing so will provide double protection from both UPS and power supply failure, so continued operation is guaranteed.

Usage of UPS Systems Outdoors

For uninterruptible power supply systems that are to operate outdoors, it is vital that they possess some very specific features that will guarantee their ability to tolerate climate extremes without affecting performance. Factors like humidity, snow, rain, and high temperatures among other things should be considered when designing outdoor UPS systems.

Outdoor uninterruptible power supply systems can either be host, pole, or ground (pedestal) mounted. Outdoor environments could mean extremely cold temperatures, which may require that the outdoor UPS system have a battery heater mat. In extreme heat, the system will need to have an air conditioning or fan system.

The 7 Features of Every Good Business Website

A Logical Roadmap

While your website will need to be aesthetically pleasing, it is more important that is be useful and functional. Before you type an HTML tag or choose a server, you need to map out how your website will work. This is not only important for user experience, but the SEO as well since Google considers site structure and content when ranking in the search. This is why you need to take the time to map out the design of the site and run it by a couple of friends to ensure that it is intuitive and makes sense.

Crucial Business Information

When it comes to your mission statement, you need to look at keeping your text to a minimum because you want content that can be skimmed. A helpful tip for when you are writing your mission statement will be to compare your business to something else. You should also never underestimate brevity as one or two sentences can be very powerful.

There are a few things that you need to have on your website that falls into the realm of information, of course, this depends on the type of business. Restaurants will need to have a menu as well as a list of locations along with some directions or a map. However, this is not something that other types of businesses will need.

If you run an online retailer, you will need to have product images which are of good quality. Video production in Surrey is also reported to be increasing in popularity due to the clarity of product information these can convey. If you are a service business, you should look at customer reviews and testimonials. An example of this will be a wedding planner who has one of the recent brides they worked with writing about their experience. A web designer should include links or screenshots to their previous work. It is important that you tailor our website to your industry and to what information you know your potential customers will find useful.

Contact Information

You need to have an email address, phone number, physical address and contact form all visible and easily accessible. This can make a lot of difference because there is nothing more frustrating than not being able to get in touch with a business or service provider.

When you place your email address or phone number on your website, you should not do this as part of an image. The number and address should be in text form so they can be clicked on or copied from the site for convenience. Most smartphones will also have the ability to do a click to call on a website. This will make the process easier for your potential customers and that is very important.

The Security

If you are going to be selling products or services online, you need to put in a bit more effort to ensure that your website is secure with an SSL certificate. The SSL certificate will encrypt communication between you and your clients. This will give them peace of mind and allay the worries they have about identity theft. There are a number of options that you can explore for this.

Have Social Media Integration

There are a lot of social media platforms out there from Twitter to Facebook to Pinterest to Instagram to Foursquare to YouTube to LinkedIn. You need to promote your presence on them on the website because they should be part of your marketing plan. Promoting your social media channels on the website will increase engagement and this is something that you need to get more traffic.

Integrating social media will also help with your SEO strategy. You can also improve the footprint of your business online as well as increase your followers. The more visibility you have online, the better it is for your business.

Have a Mobile-Ready Version

Smartphones and tablets are being used more often and the number of mobile devices used for browsing the internet is only increasing. Looking for information on these devices has become more mainstream and you need to be aware of this. According to the director of Bing for Mobile, around 70% of task completion will happen within 1 hour on mobile sites.

This means that people are browsing the web with more intent on these devices. They will be looking for something, buying something or going somewhere. If someone searches for your restaurant on their phone, they are likely to be eating there in an hour. This is why you need to ensure that your website is readable on mobile devices.

Six Significant Features of all Good Business Websites

#1:  Well Thought Out

While it is important for a website to be aesthetically pleasing, it is even more important for the website to be useful. Before you choose your server or type a HTML tag, you should plan how you want the website to operate.  This is significant for both the SEO and user experience as Google considers all website content and structure when ranking on search pages.  So, it is recommended that you map out and draft a mock design for the site (known as ‘wireframing’ by designers), then run it by some friends to ensure the site is intuitive and makes sense.

#2:  Quick and Convenient Information

Believe it or not, the text should be kept to a minimum when it comes to the mission statement.  In fact, all text should try to be concise because people tend to have short attention spans and often skim information.  A helpful hint is to convey the company’s mission by comparing your business to something else; for example, MeUndies.com is marketed as a ‘Warby Parker for undies’.  Using this simile the company has aligned itself with the eyewear manufacturer’s curation and convenience.  Do not underestimate brevity where one or two sentences are more powerful than paragraphs!

Based on your type of business, you should have certain features on the website falling into the realm of ‘information’.  For example, restaurants require menus and a list of locations; however, all industries have specific types of necessary items relevant to their sector.  Retailers will require product images along with their product descriptions, and they should be high-quality images to keep the user interested or videos of their products created by video production agencies.  Service industry professionals rely on referrals and customer service, so it may be beneficial to place customer reviews on the site.  A wedding planner, for example, could have testimonials from brides who have recently worked with the company.  Web designers can include links to previous projects, and a hair salon can print testimonials regarding their promptness or skills.  Be sure to tailor the site so it offers all the information users would be looking for.

#3:  Accessible Contact Details

It is essential to have a telephone number, an address, a direct email and contact forms that are visible and easily accessible.  This can make a world of difference, because there is nothing more frustrating than being unable to find contact details of the business.

When placing a telephone number or email address on a website, do not upload the information as part of an image.  To ensure a person can reach you, the address or number must be clickable or can be copied from the site to send the email or make the call quickly.  Nowadays, the majority of smartphones have the ‘click to call’ feature on the web; thereby making the contact procedures as easy as possible for users.

#4:  Trustworthy Security

If your website is selling an item, it is important that you put effort into securing the site using an SSL certificate.  The SSL certificate encrypts communication between your company and the clients (credit card numbers, Social Security numbers).  This will remove a client’s fears of providing personal information as there is a great deal of identity theft on the internet.  Some good options to peruse when dealing with security include Entrust, TrustE, GeoTrust and VeriSign.

#5:  Integration with Social Media

Facebook.  Twitter.  YouTube.  Tumblr.  LinkedIn.  Pinterest.  Instagram.  Foursquare.  There are numerous social media platforms available online, and you should promote presence on all of the platforms via your website.  Social media is an essential part of marketing a company and by having this information on the website you will be able to improve access to the accounts.  Team Coco is a digital savvy business that is highly beneficial at promoting all social media channels on websites despite being an alternative company.

Integrating the various platforms into an official website is beneficial as it boosts the site’s SEO, builds a following across the different accounts, and can improve the company’s footprint on the social web.

#6:  Mobile-Ready

Tablets and smartphones are driving an increasing amount of online traffic with the numbers growing as mobile devices become less costly and more mainstream.  The director of Bing for Mobile, Andy Chu, states that 70 percent of all tasks completed occur within one hour on mobile websites.  This means that people browse the internet with intent and are searching to do something, go somewhere or purchase something.  To meet these requirements, it is important that your website is suitable for mobile devices.

Fire Safety With Doors of Hotels, Guest Houses and Like Premises

What Is Your Responsibility?

Both hotel and guest house owners indeed have a responsibility which has been stated by the Regulatory Reform Order 2005 (FSO) which has been made in order to ensure that their guests remain safe. In addition, facilities should indeed perform a risk assessment which revolves around fire and they should also seek to nominate someone who is deemed responsible under the FSO Act and can also be charged with offences should they fail to fulfil their responsibilities. As such, the person nominated should also be able to demonstrate agility should any danger occur and safely ensure that all persons on the compound is evacuated in the shortest time, hence, it is also their responsibility to ensure that Fire Doors are secure and ready in the event of an emergency in reference with the FSO. Even though these laws were put in place for quite a number of years, there are continued cases where owners do not fully understand their duty and both injuries, as well as death, occur along with prosecutions for poor fire management.

Why Is a Fire Door Important?

Fire doors are used for containing an outbreak in a compartment whereby it traps not only smoke but the fire as well for a period of time which facilitates both rescue or evacuation operations, and it also makes the initial process of dealing with a fire much easier. However, if the door is either damaged or left opened, it will under no circumstance be able to function as it should.

Identifying a Fire Door

In identifying a fire door, signs of indication must be placed where they can be clearly seen and should always include a ‘Keep Closed’ or simply a ‘Fire Door’ sign in addition to smoke seals around both door and frame as well as door closers. Where flats in blocks are concerned, the initial door to the flat should indeed be a Fire Door since this will ensure the protection of other areas from both smoke and flame. Various locations will indeed require a fire plan and a risk assessment; however, other internal doors could also be fire doors depending on the entire size of the living area as well as the initial distance to its entrance.

Additional information can be found in the Building Regulations under Approved Document B Volumes 1 which is geared around houses, and 2 Part B which focuses on flats. It should be noted that all doors which are used for the purpose of being a Fire Door are indeed rated. This rating gives an indication of the protection time which is guaranteed. Some are rated as FD30, FD60 or higher, the 30 and 60 represent a 30 and 60 minute period, and there is always a mark of certification on the top to indicate that the door is indeed a Fire Door.

How to Inspect and Maintain a Fire Door

The more a Fire Door is used, it should be regularly checked, even in the case of no use, they should still be checked to ensure that their integrity remains. Potentially dangerous Fire Doors can be easily spotted, but in the case where there is indeed a legal obligation toward fire safety, a professional should be contacted. If you are indeed concerned about meeting the desired requirements as well as fulfilling your responsibility, you should schedule a meeting with an FDIS Inspector who is indeed certified. Owners should also ensure that they create and carefully review a maintenance checklist to perform routine checks on all of the doors in their building, and it should be noted that in the case of replacement, damaged components should only be replaced with that of those which are exactly the same and they should only be done by a trained professional to ensure that proper installation is carried out.

The following are important tips for guests when it comes to acting:

  • Ensure that fire doors are fit for their purpose.
  • Never wedge them open and be sure to keep them closed at night.
  • If ever you should come across a sketchy/dangerous fire door, be sure to report it to your landlord right away.
  • Refer them to this website for proper advice.
  • If ever you feel that your concerns are not being taken seriously, be sure to leave a review via Trip Advisor and you can send in pictures and videos to Theodore Firedoor’s page on Facebook.

The following are important tips for both owners and managers on how to keep Fire Doors in working order:

  • Ensure that your doors are covered by a certified professional during a Fire Risk Assessment.
  • Be sure to check on your fire doors regularly.
  • Turn to a professional if you are ever in doubt.
  • Be sure that your locks are compatible with your doors, and ensure that they are professionally replaced.
  • Never trim the bottom of these doors since they will no longer be able to contain a fire.

Fire Door Safety in Guest Houses and Hotels

What is Your Responsibility?

If you are the owner of a hotel or guest house, you are responsible for the safety of your guests under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 or FSO.  Under this order, your facilities will need to have a fire risk assessment and have a nominated responsible person.  They have the legal responsibility under the FSO and will be criminally prosecuted should they not fulfil their duties.  This will include the requirement that this person should be able to demonstrate that everyone would be able to evacuate the property safely and quickly in the event of danger.

The state of the fire doors in the property will fall under these responsibilities and there is a specific reference in the FSO.  While the legislation has been around for a number of years, there are many businesses that still do not fully understand their responsibilities.

“Bad fire door management can lead to injuries and death as well as regular prosecutions. The properties of particular concern will be those of mixed use buildings where businesses and residents co-exist,” says the building manager of a Reading serviced apartment.

Why Fire Doors are Important

A fire door will ensure that a fire is kept in a compartment after it has broken out.  This will ensure that the fire and smoke are trapped for a defined period of time.  This will give the people in the building enough time to get out or be rescued.  The fire doors also make it easier for the fire to be tackled, but the effectiveness will be lowered when the doors are damaged.

How to Identify a Fire Door

There are a few signs that will indicate a fire door such as the blue fire door sign or one which states ‘keep out’.  Smoke seals around the edge of the door frame will also be an indicator along with door closers.

If you are in a block of flats, the external door of the flat should be a fire door as this will protect the common areas from the spread of fire and smoke.  The other locations for the fire doors will vary depending on the risk assessment which was completed and the fire plan that the building has.  Internal doors could be fire doors depending on the size of the apartment and the distance from the entrance door.

All fire doors will be fire rated.  There are some which are FD30 and they provide 30 minutes of protection from a fire.  There are others which are FD60 or higher.  A certification mark at the top of the door will generally state this and is a clear indicator of a fire door.

How to Inspect and Maintain a Fire Door

It is important that you check your fire doors regularly.  The more often these doors are used, the more often they should be checked.  It is possible for anyone to spot a damaged fire door.  However, if you have a legal responsibility for the fire safety of the building, you need to call a professional. The professional that you call will need to be an FDIS certificated inspector and they will provide advice on meeting your FSO responsibilities.

You should also create a maintenance schedule and checklist.  This will help you when you check all of the doors in the building.  Any damaged components should be replaced like-for-like.  You need to check the fire certificate of the parts and the maintenance should be conducted by a trained person.

Tips For Guests

If you are a guest, you should take the time to check that the fire doors are fit for purpose.  You should never wedge fire doors open and they should be kept closed at night.  If you do see a door that does not look fit for purpose, you need to report this to the person in charge of the accommodation.

If you do not see any action being taken or you feel that your concerns regarding the fire door are not being taken seriously, you need to take action.  This will include sending film and pictures to the relevant authorities and mentioning the problem in a review of the property.

Tips For Owners and Managers

You need to ensure that your fire doors are always in safe working order.  If you have completed a fire risk assessment, you need to ensure that the fire doors were covered and that the assessor is knowledgeable in this area.  When you do your regular checks, you need to include the fire doors.

If you are in doubt about the fire doors, you should call a professional to carry out a survey.  If you have replaced any locks, you need to ensure that they are compatible with the doors and that they are fitted correctly.